Charles gave a seminar at the OECD in Paris

On November 21, 2018, Charles Edquist gave a seminar at The Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (DSTI), OECD. The title was “To develop a Holistic Innovation Policy should be self-evident – for all countries and regions!”

He had been asked to present an overview of the conclusions reached in four separate (but interrelated) research areas – each based on recent publications of his.

The areas are:

  1. Why must innovation policy necessarily be holistic (and not partial/linear) to make the policy efficient, and how can such a holistic policy be developed?
  2. The Swedish National Innovation Council is a unique form of governance of innovation policy and has had a role in the transition towards a more holistic innovation policy in Sweden.
  3. Innovations can be enhanced by public procurement (which is 15-20 % of GDP). But it requires that the functions to be fulfilled by the products bought are specified – the product to be bought shall not be described at all.
  4. Measuring innovation is crucial for the design of innovation policy. However, the yearly published Summary Innovation Index of the EU is flawed and directly counterproductive to the development of efficient innovation policies.

In the presentation he focused on the research results achieved. In the discussion he presented detailed proofs for the conclusions. The arguments can be found in publications, downloadable from In particular, the following publications, related to the four topics, are relevant:

  1. The book entitled “Holistic Innovation Policy: Theoretical Foundations, Policy Problems and Instrument Choices” by Susana Borrás and Charles Edquist is now advertised by Oxford University Press. Table of Contents, Chapter 1 and Chapter 12 can be downloaded here.
  2. Edquist, C. (2018, October). Towards a holistic innovation policy: Can the Swedish National Innovation Council (NIC) be a role model? Published on October 24, 2018 by Research Policy Alternative link here
  3. Edquist, C. (November 2017). Developing strategic frameworks for innovation related public procurement – Thematic Report Topic A of the Mutual Learning Exercise (MLE) Innovation related public procurement.Published by European Commission, DG Research & Innovation,  September 2017. Downloadable at:
  4. Edquist, C., & Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, J.M. (2018, June 22). Viewpoint: The latest EU innovation index is out. It’s flawed. Debate article in Science Business (Based on Edquist, Zabala-Iturriagagoitia, Barbero and Sofio (2018). On the meaning of innovation performance: is the synthetic indicator of the Innovation Union Scoreboard flawed?, Research Evaluation, pp 1 – 16,, June 2018. Alternate link.)