This year’s Eu-SPRI conference (https://euspri2022.nl/) explored future directions for studies of research and innovation with a specific emphasis on future challenges for STI policy research. Charles presented the following papers:
- With Mart Laatsit: “From the Systems of Innovation Approach to a General Theory of Innovation: Do Activities and Functions Reflect what Happens in Innovation systems”. The Table of Contents of the paper is:
2.2. System of innovation
3. Activities and functions in systems of innovation
3.1. Examples of lists of activities/functions
3.2. How do different authors define activities/functions?
3.3. What is the rationale/purpose of different authors to specify activities/functions?
3.4. Comparing three of the lists of activities/functions
4.1. Detailed bullet point summary and conclusions
4.2. General conclusions: towards a general theory of innovation
Appendix: Which activities/functions do the different lists contain?
- With Lars Bengtsson: “Functional public procurement for low-carbon innovations in the Swedish municipal sector”. A main objective is to increase empirical knowledge in the field. A questionnaire will be distributed to all 290 Swedish municipalities.
Summary in English:
Edquist and Zabala-Iturriagagoitia (2012) introduced public procurement for innovations as a potentially very powerful policy instrument for solving major societal challenges. Public procurement in Sweden amounts to approx SEK 700 billion annually, about 15% of GDP. In addition to its direct purchasing power, public procurement has enormous potential to become an important instrument for achieving a fossil-free society. Despite this transformative potential, research and practice on public procurement that stimulates innovations, both generally and related to fossil-free innovations, is still in its infancy. Two major research problems can be related to this situation. First, the lack of a conceptual framework for understanding public procurement of fossil-free innovations as a way to support innovation-based transformation into a climate-neutral society. Secondly, there is a lack of empirical knowledge about the governance, organization, and procurement practices of public procurement of fossil-free innovations. The project aims to describe, analyze, and support the public procurement of fossil-free innovations with a focus on societal planning sectors in the municipalities. This takes place in three steps:1) development of a conceptual framework that distinguishes between product and functional procurement, 2) empirical studies of Swedish municipalities’ governance, organization, and procurement practices of fossil reducing innovations and 3) dissemination of best practice.